Social media can help alert students during campus emergencies, study finds

Release date: February 16, 2015 This content is archived.


Raj Sharman, PhD, associate professor of management science and systems

BUFFALO, N.Y. -- Using social networking sites like Facebook and Twitter to spread information during campus emergencies can help keep students safer, according to new research from the University at Buffalo School of Management.

The study, published in the International Journal of Business Information Systems, found the widespread popularity of social media and associated mobile apps enables campus authorities to instantly reach a large percentage of students to provide timely and accurate information during crisis situations.

“Research suggests that students are more likely to comply with emergency notifications received through social networking channels,” says lead author Wencui Han, a PhD student in the School of Management. “Social media also allows two-way communication. Campus officials can respond to concerns and provide more detailed instructions, and users can add and share content, helping information spread more rapidly.”

The authors also note that the most popular social media sites are free to use, making it cost effective for universities to build pages and monitor activity across multiple social channels.

“Interacting with students on social media imposes a cost in terms of devoting critical manpower, but if universities develop strategies for managing various social platforms for different types of incidents, they can better prepare students during emergencies,” says co-author Raj Sharman, PhD, associate professor of management science and systems in the School of Management. “For example, Twitter is appropriate for updating real-time information, while Facebook is effective for wide notification because of its massive user base, especially among students.”

The researchers surveyed high-level campus safety managers from 183 universities that do not yet have social networking accounts in place for emergency situations such as criminal incidents, natural disasters or health-related crises. They found that campuses with higher incident rates used a greater number of traditional notification channels—including television, radio, alarms and email and text message alerts—and were more likely to consider adopting social networking services for emergency notification purposes.

Social media does have limitations, however. The researchers caution that other users may post misleading information, or students may not subscribe to certain channels. As such, they recommend universities continue to deploy traditional methods as their primary notification system and use social media to provide supplemental information.

“Using a wide range of notification technologies can help keep students safer during a crisis,” says Han. “Social media is especially useful to confirm information students received through other channels, provide additional updates and respond to student feedback.”

Han and Sharman collaborated on the study with Serkan Ada, PhD, associate professor of international trade and business at Selçuk University, Turkey, and Anand Simha, PhD, who both earned doctorates from the School of Management, as well as Robin Hattersley Gray, executive editor of Campus Safety magazine.

The UB School of Management is recognized for its emphasis on real-world learning, community and economic impact, and the global perspective of its faculty, students and alumni. The school also has been ranked by Bloomberg Businessweek, the Financial Times, Forbes and U.S. News & World Report for the quality of its programs and the return on investment it provides its graduates. For more information about the UB School of Management, visit

The University at Buffalo is a premier research-intensive public university, the largest and most comprehensive campus in the State University of New York. UB’s nearly 30,000 students pursue their academic interests through more than 300 undergraduate, graduate and professional degree programs. Founded in 1846, the University at Buffalo is a member of the Association of American Universities.

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Matthew Biddle
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School of Management